Bulldogs, tracing back to 13th-century England, used for bullbaiting and illegal dog fighting. Refined appearance over time with a squatter, wrinkled face.
Beagles descended from 1500s English small hounds. Bred for hunting & friendly appearance. English preferred larger, Americans developed smaller for rabbits. Two size varieties recognized now.
Yorkshire Terrier from 1800s England, mix of Scottish terriers. Originally rodent exterminators in mills and mines, now beloved lapdogs of the elite.
ing Charles I and II favored small black-and-tan spaniels. Crossed with Asian breeds for flatter face. In the 1920s, breeders revived the original version, creating the Cavalier spaniel.
In England, "cocker" and "springer" spaniels born together. Springers larger, flush birds for hunters. 1800s: spaniel breed standards formed. 1902: English springer spaniel officially
In the 1800s, English estates faced poachers. Bullmastiff, a strong mix of bulldogs and mastiffs, was bred to stop them. Smart, loyal, wary of strangers.
Early English cocker spaniels shared litters with larger springer spaniels, specialized in woodcock hunting. Breed standards evolved in the 19th century.
Airedale terriers, from Aire Valley, England, were bred by workers in the 1800s to be smart, tough hunting dogs. They mixed otterhounds, terriers, setters, retrievers, and herders, creating versatile dogs for land and water game.
In the 1800s, English coal miners wanted to hunt and race dogs but couldn't afford large ones. They bred the swift whippet by crossing greyhounds with small, fast terriers.
Bull terriers share ancestors with modern bulldogs. They emerged in the 1800s from bulldog and terrier crosses for dog fighting. Later bred for companionship, appearance softened,