Bulldogs: Ancient guards and workers from England. Reached the US in 1700s for farm work. Nearly extinct but revived in WWII. Athletic, friendly, and stocky.
American hairless terrier: Born when hairless pup Josephine emerged in a rat terrier litter. Scotts bred her for more hairless pups. AKC recognized in 2016
Alaskan malamute: Ancient sled dog from wolf-dog lineage. Named after Mahlemiut, Alaska's Inuit. Thick coat, curved tail for warmth. AKC recognized 1935.
American Eskimo dog: Brought by German immigrants, not Eskimos. Trainable, white dogs wowed in circuses. Renamed during WWI. Charming and clever companions.
Australian Shepherd: Misnamed, not from Australia. Developed in the US. Smart, athletic, and personable. Heritage traced to Pyrenees region.
Boston Terrier: Originated in Boston, Massachusetts. Judge, a bulldog cross, laid the foundation. Selective breeding created smaller, sweeter-faced dogs.
Boykin Spaniel: Bred in SC for turkey hunting from boats. Descended from Whit Boykin's stray. Cheerful, outgoing, great with dogs and kids. Caution with pet birds
Chesapeake Bay Retriever: Bred around Chesapeake Bay for duck hunting. Strong swimmer with webbed feet. Newfoundland, Irish Water Spaniel, and hound in its mix.
Catahoula Leopard Dog: Hardy farm and hunting breed from Louisiana. Official state dog. Devoted family companion but cautious with other pets.
Toy Fox Terrier: US breed from smooth fox terriers, min pins, Italian greyhounds. Sweet, fun, and friendly. Energetic, small, not for rowdy kids.